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Sudan holidays - desert dunes
Sudan holidays - Bashirin nomads
Sudan holidays - river nile
Sudan holidays - Meroe pyramids
Sudan holidays - sahara desert
Sudan holidays - nile river
Sudan holidays - Nubian woman

Sudan

Sandwiched between Egypt to the north and Ethiopia to the south east, 'The Kingdom of the Black Pharaohs' moves between the seemingly endless Sahara plains, the vibrant green Nile Valley and the swamps and rainforests of the south. Rather like Egypt, it has for millennia been a region where the cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa, Arabia and the Mediterranean collide; and as a result is a true melting pot of influences where Egyptian tombs rub shoulders with abandoned Turkish and Roman settlements.

Sudan's fascinating history has resulted in UNESCO World Heritage Sites and countless other sites - often pleasingly deserted - including pyramids that far outnumber those in Egypt. A holiday to Sudan reveals an exotic world: the bustling markets of the capital, Khartoum, alive with the sound of the call to prayer and the pitter-patter of Arabic; proud nomadic people who move with the unforgiving Sahara Desert; mysterious prehistoric petroglyphs; and vibrant religious ceremonies where whirling dervishes spin for perfection. 

See a selection of our suggested itineraries below and contact our Africa travel specialist, Chris Evans, to arrange a tailor-made Sudan holiday on: +44 (0)1242 787 806.

Sudan lies on the east coast of Africa, bordering Egypt to the north and Eritrea, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Central African Republic and Chad to the south and west. By the 8th millennium BC, the country's Nile Valley had been settled by a Neolithic culture whose people survived by fishing, hunting, gathering grain and keeping cattle, and today Sudan is known to be one of the oldest settled countries in the world.

Sudan's name is derived from the termbilād as-sūdānin Arabic, which means 'the lands of the Blacks'. Many historians believe that this name was coined by Arabs coming into the area, referring to the indigenous Nubian and Zaghawa people. Today's Sudanese population is made up of descendants of Arabs, Copts, Nubians and Zaghawa as well as several other groups. There are 70 recognised languages and it is estimated that there are around 400 languages spoken within the country. Though Sudan has been Christian and Muslim at various stages of history, today it has a large Muslim majority and a Christian minority largely confined to the south.

The landscape is dominated by the flat plains and mountains of the Sahara - separated into the Nubian Desert in the northeast of the country and the Bayuda Desert to the east. The Blue and White Rivers meet in the capital, Khartoum, to form the River Nile, which divides the country into east and west and flows north all the way through Egypt and into the Mediterranean Sea. Agriculture is most successful in the Nile Valley; small areas of the desert are also farmed - though their output is poor. The country is rich in minerals such as gold, copper and iron.

Contact our Africa travel specialist, Chris Evans, to arrange your tailor-made Zimbabwe holiday on: +44 (0)1242 787806.

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