WEATHER IN ITALYGiven its long boot-like shape and varied geography, the weather in Italy ranges considerably from north to south. In the alpine north of the country, cold, harsh winters with heavy snowfall are typical between December and March, while summers are sunny and fresh. In central Italy, beyond the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines, the climate is milder and wetter with a less pronounced difference between summer and winter temperatures. Summer lingers longer and city centres such as Florence, Siena and Rome can experience stifling humidity especially during July and August.
In the south, summers are far hotter and drier and temperatures more akin to those in North Africa prevail, often reaching above 30°C. Snow is rare and winter is especially mild, making the southern tip of the peninsula and the islands of Sicily and Sardinia ideal late season destinations.
MAP OF ITALY
MEDICATIONS & VACCINATIONS FOR ITALYWhile Italy is a western European nation presenting little overt health risk, it is always advisable to visit your doctor or local health clinic ahead of your trip. Depending on where you are travelling to in Italy, you may be advised to take certain precautions, not least against sunburn or insect bites. It can be very hot in the summer, particularly in the southern regions and in Sicily and you are advised to carry water with you. More information about health awareness for Italy can be found on the helpful NHS website Fit for Travel, or indeed by contacting the Medical Advisory Service for Travellers (MASTA).
TIPPING IN ITALYAs with most western European destinations, service charges, state taxes and a table cover charge are usually included in Italian bills. It is still customary in Italy however to give an additional gratuity of up to 10% if service has been particularly good.
Italy uses the same 220v electricity supply as maintained throughout most of continental Europe. Electrical sockets take standard European two-pin plugs. Adaptors for these are found at most airports.
MOBILE / INTERNET CONNECTIVITY
Italy offers good internet access and is widely available, usually available for free in most hotels. Mobile phone coverage in Italy is also very good.